I’ve been traveling with my family to the Big Island of Hawaii pretty regularly for the last 10 years. Each trip I scoured the countryside exploring for inspiring landscapes bathed in beautiful Hawaiian light in the early hours of the day when my family was still resting at the hotel. I found plenty of moving views, but one sight I hungered to see was molten lava from Kilauea volcano finding its way to edge of the Pacific Ocean at dawn. I chartered a doors-off helicopter shoot a number of years ago and saw steam plumes from one lava-to-ocean entry point, but learned I really couldn’t capture the event the way I wanted from the air. I had to get on the ground, very close, at the decisive moment. I searched for information on when the lava was making entry, where and how to get to the spot, but inevitably, the stars just didn’t ever seem to align during those family trips to the island.
After getting skunked for too long, in August 2011 I decided it was time to enlist a professional who knew the ropes. From Really Right Stuff’s customer list on the Big Island, I found Bruce Omori and Tom Kuali‘i from ExtremeExposure.com in Hilo. I looked at their website, visited their beautiful gallery in Hilo and discovered Bruce and Tom are undoubtedly the foremost lava photographers in the world. That trip, the lava was not cooperating (i.e., no ocean entries), but over the next couple years I determined to keep in contact with Bruce and Tom. About two weeks ago, Bruce sent me some of their gorgeous 2013 Hawaii Lava Calendars, which reminded me I hadn’t been following the lava reports for a while. Friday evening, January 18th, I called Bruce to thank him for the kind gesture and asked what the status of the current eruption was. He informed me that the lava was flowing nicely and that there were 6 fingers entering the Pacific at that very moment. I asked if he was available if I dropped everything and showed up on his doorstep; luckily for me, he did have some time, so after getting the ok from my boss, Joan, I searched the internet for a flight on my iPhone while we ate dinner and found a $566 direct flight from LAX to Hilo the next day. I booked it. That was one of the best spur-of-the-moment decisions I’ve ever made. Bruce was a little surprised when I called him back and told him I’d be there the next day. He said “Wow, you really want to shoot lava!”
Thankfully for me, Bruce and Tom cleared their calendars and spent the next 4 days with me. They picked me up at 3 a.m. every morning except one and we either hiked to the ocean entry point or shot stars over Kilauea crater. I honestly don’t know how I could ever get the lava shots I did without Bruce and Tom’s expert guidance. They know the terrain and have intimate understanding of the nature of lava. They know what is “safe” and what isn’t. They know what works photographically and what doesn’t. They instill confidence and have a profound appreciation of the subject. A standard lava tour hike could never come close to delivering the experience I had shooting with Bruce and Tom. We arrived at Bruce & Tom’s special (as in legal) parking spot about 4:30 a.m. We donned flashlights and took off over the lumpy lava fields with 40+ pounds of camera gear and liquids.
The entry point was about 2.5 miles away, but Stairmaster-like, up-and-down lava hopping made it feel more like 4 miles. Nothing could have prepared me for the absolute awesome spectacle of red-hot lava oozing out in multiple points across a kilometer-wide expanse of brand new terra-“firma” just before diving, dripping, rolling into the Pacific. The exposed molten lava would quickly harden on top, but remained in a red-hot plastic state just inches below the crust. I dropped my jaw when Tom led out across newly crystalized lava rock with red still glowing through the cracks and crevasses in the pre-dawn darkness. The thrill of walking over this infant formation is hard to describe, although one word incessantly pops to mind: HOT!
The wind plays a huge role in determining what kind of shot you’ll be able to craft. We found a position to the southeast of an entry point that put the sunrise across the ocean horizon at about 2 o’clock. Fortunately, the breeze was blowing the plume seaward and gave us plenty of opportunity to see the lava hitting the water unobscured by steam. Light cloud formations added to the mood and that first morning of shooting could hardly have been more perfect. The subsequent morning was only a touch less spectacular. The red lava posed wickedly beautiful with its snow-white mane ever changing against the constantly shifting dawn backdrop; she made the perfect model. Perfect for portraits. Perfect for landscapes. Perfect close-ups.
Technically, the shoot was about as challenging as it gets. The red-hot lava glows hottest in the dark before dawn and is its own light source, but detail in the surrounding black rock formations won’t show well until sunrise. Likewise, it’s practically impossible to hold detail in the white steam and waves without completely blocking up the shadows of the black lava rock and sand. Slow shutter speeds yield nicely blurred lava flow, wave and steam, so after sunrise it is good to have some neutral density filters on hand. Again, Bruce and Tom are the experts and I gladly soaked up any and all suggestions. You find yourself standing on some pretty hot spots, so you have to either keep your camera bag on your back or find a safe place to lay it down; we melted two umbrellas on the first day. When the steam plume drifts overhead, you and your equipment get rained on with diluted hydrochloric acid. When that happens, it’s best to cover your gear and quickly move away. Steady tripods are a must. RRS Rock Claw tripod feet are a must. Sturdy hiking boots, full-length pants and long sleeve shirts are a must. Hat and sunscreen are recommended.
Shooting The Big Island
As fantastic as shooting the lava is, the rest of the Big Island is too fantastic to ignore. I’m not going to go into detail here because I covered the topic in September 2011. Suffice it to say that Bruce and Tom are life-long residents of the Big Island and know some incredible vantage points for photography of all types. We shot stars over Kilauea crater, the surf at Waipio Valley, sunset overlooking the Northeast coast, forest undergrowth on Kohala Mountain and street photos in Hilo.
Again, I can’t thank enough my good friends, Bruce Omori and Tom Kuali‘i. They both have hearts of gold and I can’t think of two better people to enjoy a photographic adventure of a lifetime with. The lava is fickle, so here’s my key recommendation for those who have the wherewithal and inclination: do not delay. Call ExtremeExposure.com and book a half-day, full-day or multi-day Big Island photo adventure.